Dave Stuart Jr. uses “Pop-Up Debate” with his history classes in high school. You can read about the structure here. As he explains, students use assigned texts or course content and “pop-up” one at a time to make an argument about some aspect of the content. When one speaker finishes his or her one-minute comment, another speaker pops up to rebut. Pop-Up Debate is an informal way to encourage vigorous discussion and argumentative thinking, and it can fit into any class or any amount of time. Dave insists that speakers present well even though it is not a formal speaking activity.